Suicidal Risk Assessment in Hospitalized Bipolar Patients in Al-Mamoura Mental Health Hospital
H.E.El-Shiekh1, H.M.El-Sayed1, S.T.El-Bakry1 and I.M.Ibrahim2"
Suicide may be an endpoint for many patients with severe psychiatric illness. The mood disorders (depression and bipolar manic-depression) are by far the most common psychiatric conditions related to suicide. At least 25% to 50% of patients with bipolar disorder also attempt suicide at least once. The aim of the study was to evaluate the suicidal intent in bipolar hospitalized patients. In this descriptive cross sectional study, the number of patients who participated in the research and finished all the psychometrics were 113 patients, 73 males and 40 females. Psychiatric sheet of General Secretariat of Mental Health, Structured interview using Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM IV) and Arabic version of Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) were done for all patients. According to beck scale, 51.3 % of the studied patients had no suicidal idea, 26.3 % had passive suicidal ideation, 16.8 % had active suicidal ideation and 5.3% had active and passive ideas at the time of study. It was concluded that suicidal risk is high among bipolar disorder patients, also unemployment, family history of suicide and longer duration of illness are considered a risk factor for suicidal attempts and ideation.
Suicide, Bipolar, Beck scale, Risk factors, Suicidal ideation.