Operative Treatment for First Carpometacarpal Arthritis ( Systematic Review )

S.M.Zahed, A.A.Ahmed, H.E.Farag and A.S.Kamel"


The anatomy of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint, as well as the force transmitted through it, makes it extremely susceptible to osteoarthritis (OA). The thumb CMC joint has been reported as the most painful joint when compared to other hand joints affected by OA. to provide an updated, systematic review of surgical management and outcomes of the most commonly used surgical procedures to treat CMC joint OA presented in literature. we searched Medline via PubMed, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Google Scholar from their inception till January, 36 studies were included. the overall effect estimates showed that the rate of pain at rest after metacarpal osteotomy was 25.1% (95% CI 9.6 – 40.7%); while the rate of satisfaction after metacarpal osteotomy was 48.1% (95% CI 10.5 – 85.7%). The overall effect estimates showed that the rate of normal handgrip after metacarpal osteotomy was 87.1% (95% CI 79.2 – 95%). the overall effect estimates showed that the rate of pain at rest after Volar ligament reconstruction was18.4% (95% CI 11.5 – 25.4%) and the rate of satisfaction was 81.6% (95% CI 74.6 – 88.5%). no surgical procedure appears to be definitely superior to another for the management of first carpometacarpal arthritis in terms of pain, physical function, patient global assessment, range of motion, or strength. Nevertheless, participants who had trapeziectomy had fewer complications than those who had the other commonly used procedures analyzed in the review.

Key words

Operative, Carpometacarpal, Arthritis.