Biological and psychological impact of stress on blind children at Benha city

V.S.Mikhael, H.E.El Sheikh, H.M.El Said, Sh.T.El Bakry and A.S.Mohamed"


World Health Organization (WHO) has proposed the following definition for blindness.” A physical, psychiatric, intellectual or sensory impairment, whether temporary or permanent, provided that it lasts for a significant period of time, that limits the capacity to perform one or more essential activities of daily life and which can be caused or aggravated by economic and social environment”, also Visual impairment had a greater impact on social relationships according to its severity and onset and self-concept and social adjustment of children and adolescents. The aim of this work is to Find out degree of stress and its impact among blind and visually impaired children and adolescents in Benha city. Students of El-Noor school for blind at Benha city , in Qalyubia governorate in Egypt ,both sexes aged 6 to 20 years and having vision below 3/60 were included. Those with comorbid deafness/dumbness or other physical disability were excluded. Tools were Ethical aPP.roval was obtained from the Institute’s ethical committee and students and informed consent was taken from the concerned authorities the schools as well as the respective guardians, Socio-demographic data.

Key words

Stress, Blindness, Adjustment, Cortisol.