Clinical and Haemato-biochemical Changes of Parasitic Enteritis in Buffalo with Reference to Acute Phase Protein

M.M.Ghanem1, Y.M.Abd El-Raof1, H.A.El-Nady2, H.M.El-khaiat1"


This study was conducted on adult and calf buffaloes for recording the clinico-hematobiochemical alterations of parasitic enteritis. Diarrheic buffaloes showed depression, dullness, depraved appetite, variable degrees of diarrhea, cessation of rumination, labored breathing, accelerated heart and respiratory rates, weakness and a reluctance to move. As diarrhea progressed, dehydration of the affected buffalo was evidence with signs of alopecia. Hematological analysis showed significant decrease(p>0.05) in RBCs, Hb, PCV and WBCs. Serum biochemical analysis revealed significant decrease (p>0.05) in sodium, chloride, copper, zinc and iron glucose and SOD levels in diarrheic buffaloes. While, there was significant increase in serum potassium and haptoglobin levels in diarrheic buffaloes compared with control. Therefore, we concluded the parasitic enteritis was associated with alteration in hematology and serum micronutrient as well as the oxidative stress indicated by lowered SOD.

Key words

Buffalo, Haptoglobin, Parasitic diarrhea, SOD, Trace element .